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Technical Reports


Climate Change Indicators in the United States. 2012. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has published this report to help readers interpret a set of important indicators to better understand climate change. The report presents 24 indicators, each describing trends in some way related to the causes and effects of climate change. The indicators focus primarily on the United States, but in some cases global trends are presented in order to provide context or a basis for comparison.


Adapting to Climate Change: A Planning Guide for State Coastal Managers - A Great lakes Supplement. 2011. The planning guide includes science-based information on climate change and steps for setting up a planning process, assessing vulnerability, devising a strategy, and implementing the plan. It is based on needs assessments and a wide variety of resources specific to climate change, sustainability, resilience, general hazard mitigation, and natural resource management.

Global Warming's Six Americas. May 2011. This report extends and updates an ongoing program of research analyzing Americans' interpretations of and responses to climate change. The research segments the American public into six audiences that range along a spectrum of concern and issue engagement from the Alarmed, who are convinced of the reality and danger of climate change, and who are highly supportive of personal and political actions to mitigate the threat, to the Dismissive, who are equally convinced that climate change is not occurring and that no response should be made.


Climate Change and Public Health Impacts in the Great Lakes. September 2010. Ohio State University provides the presentations, slides, and transcripts from a Webinar on public health and climate change in the Great Lakes region.

RealClimate. 2010. This is a commentary site on climate science by working climate scientists for the interested public and journalists. Contributing scientists aim to provide a quick response to developing stories and provide the context sometimes missing in mainstream commentary. The discussion here is restricted to scientific topics and will not get involved in the political or economic implications of the science. The site provides a one-stop, first-cut list of resources that people can use to get up to speed on the issue of climate change their START HERE page.


Adapting to Climate Change in Ontario: Towards the Design and Implementation of a Strategy and Action Plan. 2009. Ontario’s Expert Panel on Climate Change Adaptation at the request of the Minister of the Environment. The report lists a broad range of recommendations to help Ontario understand climate change impacts, reduce risks and take advantage of beneficial opportunities resulting from climate change.

Global Climate Change Impacts in the U.S. 2009. report by the United States Global Change Research Program. The report summarizes the science and the impacts of climate change on the United States, now and in the future. It focuses on climate change impacts in different regions of the U.S. and on various aspects of society and the economy such as energy, water, agriculture, and health.

Preparing for Climate Change in the Great Lakes Region. 2009. Michigan Sea Grant. This 32-page PDF reports on a one-day workshop involving representatives from Great Lakes foundations, non-governmental organizations, agencies, and universities. Community leaders and planners will find the information useful. Included are Guiding principles for adapting to climate change such as:

  • Focus adaptation efforts on restoring and promoting ecosystem resiliency, which is the ability of an ecosystem to cope with disturbances without shifting to become a different system;
  • Pursue no regrets policies that achieve both mitigation and adaptation, and policies that achieve multiple benefits;

Be cognizant that challenges may be more sociopolitical than technical. Increased understanding of climate change processes will help prepare decision makers.


Climate Change: Preliminary Assessment for the Section of Wildlife of the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Wildlife Climate Change Working Group. 2008. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Fish and Wildlife, St. Paul, Minn. This report examines current predictions, potential impacts in Minnesota, potential impacts on landscapes and wildlife, as well as suggestions for how the section will approach climate change.

Effects of Climate Change for Aquatic Invasive Species and Implications for Management and Research. 2008. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Center for Environmental Assessment, Washington, D.C.; EPA/600/R-08/014. This report provides a literature review on climate change and aquatic invasive species. It examines state-level AIS management activities to determine the capacity to conduct AIS management in face of climate change.

Observing the Climate. March 2008. Minnesota State Climatology Office. This report examines climate trends in Minnesota. A preface to the results section briefly describes non-climatic influences on the climate observing system. Enhancements, revisions and updates to this document are likely.

Weather and Climate Extremes in a Changing Climate. Regions of Focus: North America, Hawaii, Caribbean, and U.S. Pacific Islands. 2008. U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research. [T. R. Karl, G. A. Meehl, C. D. Miller, S. J. Hassol, A. M. Waple, and W. L. Murray (eds.)]. Department of Commerce, NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center, Washington, D.C. A summary:

  • Over most land areas, the last 10 years had lower numbers of severe cold events than any other 10-year period.
  • In North America, the 1930’s remain the most severe in terms of unusually hot spells, but there is an increasing trend since mid-century.
  • Extreme precipitation episodes have become more frequent and more intense in recent decades than at any other time in the historical record.
  • For increases in area affected by drought, there is no overall average change for North America, but regional changes are evident.
  • The observed relationship between increased intensity of Tropical Cyclones and rising ocean temperatures is robust.
  • Decreased snow cover in overall U.S. but increase in snowstorms in the upper Midwest and Northeast.
  • Fewer extreme cold days and nights and fewer frosts, warmer nights, more frequent and intense heavy downpours, more frequent heat waves and warm spells, increases in area affected by drought. Changes in precipitation extremes will be pronounced.)


Climate Change in the Great Lakes Region. 2007. Wisconsin Sea Grant. This pithy suite of online resources may focus on Wisconsin, but people living in other upper Great Lakes states and provinces will find the content germane. Why Care about Climate Change offers concise answers to questions like "what is climate?" and the review of evidence, scientific consensus, and opportunities and costs of climate change.

Preparing for Climate Change: A Guidebook for Local, Regional, and State Governments. 2007. Center for Science in the Earth System (The Climate Impacts Group), Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean, University of Washington. Snover, A.K., L. Whitley Binder, J. Lopez, E. Willmott, J. Kay, D. Howell, and J. Simmonds, in association with and published by ICLEI- Local Governments for Sustainability, Oakland, CA. This report helps decision-makers in local, regional or state governments prepare for climate change by recommending easy processes to prepare for climate change and detailed, easy-to-understand processes and resources for climate change preparedness.

Synthesis Report: An Assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. 2007. IPCC. (AR4). This report, adopted at IPCC Plenary XXVII in Valencia, Spain, November 2007, represents the formal statement of the IPCC concerning key findings and uncertainties contained in the Working Group contributions to the Fourth Assessment Report.


Confronting Climate Change in the Great Lakes Region: Impacts on our Communities and Ecosystems. 2003. Kling, G.W., K. Hayhoe, L.B. Johnson, J.J. Magnuson, S. Polasky, S.K. Robinson, B.J. Shuter, M.M. Wander, D.J. Wuebbles, D.R. Zak, R.L. Lindroth, S.C. Moser, and M.L. Wilson. Union of Concerned Scientists, Cambridge, Massachusetts, and Ecological Society of America, Washington, D.C. Growing evidence suggests that the climate of the Great Lakes region is already changing: Winters are getting shorter; Annual average temperatures are growing warmer; The duration of lake ice cover is decreasing as air and water temperatures rise; Heavy rainstorms are becoming more common. This report examines these trends in detail and discusses the likelihood that they will continue into the future. The report explores the potential consequences of climate change for the character, economy, and environment of the Great Lakes region during the coming century. It also examines actions that can be taken now to help forestall many of the most severe consequences of climate change.

This page last modified on February 23, 2015     © 1996 – 2019 Regents of the University of Minnesota     The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer.
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