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Rainbow Smelt (Osmerus mordax)

References

Becker, G.C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison.

Bradley A.R., T.R. Hrabik, M.P. Ebener, O.T. Gorman, D.R. Schreiner, S.T. Schram, S.P. Sitar, W.P. Mattes, and C.R. Bronte. 2007. Diet and prey selection by Lake Superior lake trout during spring, 19862001. J. Great Lakes Res. 33 (1): 104-113.

Evans, D.O. and D.H. Loftus. 1987. Colonization of inland lakes in the Great Lakes region by rainbow smelt, Osmerus mordax: Their freshwater niche and effects on indigenous fishes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 44(Suppl. 2): 249.266.

Drake, J.M. and C.L. Jerde. 2009. Stochastic models of propagule pressure and establishment. In Bioeconomics of Invasive Species, Oxford University Press. Eds. R.P. Keller, D.M. Lodge, M.A. Lewis, and J.F. Shogren. pp. 83-102.

Drake, J.M. and D.M. Lodge. 2006. Forecasting potential distributions of nonindigenous species with a genetic algorithm. Fisheries 31: 9-16.

Dryer, W.R. 1966. Bathymetric distribution of fish in the Apostle Island region, Lake Superior. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 95: 493381.

Franzin, W.G., B.A. Barton, R.A. Remnant, D.B. Wain, and S.J. Pagel. 1994. Range extension, present and potential distribution, and possible effects of rainbow smelt in Hudson Bay Drainage waters of northwestern Ontario, Manitoba, and Minnesota. N. Am. J. Fish. Manage. 14: 6576.

Hassinger, R.L. and T.L. Close. 1984. Interactions of lake trout and rainbow smelt in two northeastern Minnesota lakes. Report number 379, Minn. Dept. Nat. Res.

Hrabik, T.R., and J. Magnuson. 1999. Simulated dispersal of exotic rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) in a northern Wisconsin lake district and implications for management. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 56: 3542.

Hrabik, T.R., J. Magnuson, and A.S. McLain. 1998. Predicting the effects of rainbow smelt on native fishes in small lakes: Evidence from long-term research in two lakes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 55:13641371.

Hrabik, T.R., M.P. Carey, and M.S. Webster. 2001. Interactions between young-of-the-year exotic rainbow smelt and native yellow perch in a northern temperate lake. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 130: 568582.

Krueger, D.M., and T.R. Hrabik. 2005. Food web alterations that promote native species: The recovery of native cisco (Coregonus artedi) populations through management of native piscivores. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 62: 21772188.

Lodge, D.M., M.A. Lewis, J.F. Shogren, and R.P. Keller. 2009. Introduction to biological invasions: biological, economic, and social perspectives. In Bioeconomics of Invasive Species, Oxford University Press. Eds. R.P. Keller, D.M. Lodge, M.A. Lewis, and J.F. Shogren. pp. 1-24.

Leung, B., J.M. Drake, and D.M. Lodge. 2004. Predicting invasions: Propagule pressure and the gravity of Allee effects. Ecology 85(6): 1651-1660.

May, J. and M.K. Van Rossum. 1995. The Quick and the Dead: Fish Entrainment, Entrapment, and the Implementation and Application of Section 316(B) of the Clean Water Act (January 1, 1995). Vermont Law Review, Vol. 20. Available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1358386

Mayden, R.L., F.B. Cross, and O.T. Gorman. 1987. Distributional history of the rainbow smelt, Osmerus mordax (Salmoniformes: Osmeridae), in the Mississippi River basin. Copeia 1987: 1051-1054.

Mercado-Silva, N., J.D. Olden, J.T. Maxted, T.R. Hrabik, and M.J. Vander Zanden. 2006. Forecasting the spread of invasive rainbow smelt in the Laurentian Great Lakes region of North America. Conserv. Biol. 20: 1740- 1749.

Mercado-Silva, N., G.G. Sass, B.M. Roth, S. Gilbert, and M.J. Vander Zanden. 2007. Impact of rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) invasion on walleye (Sander vitreus) recruitment in Wisconsin lakes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 64: 1543-1550.

Rooney, R.C. and Paterson, M.J. 2009. Ecosystem effects of rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) invasions in inland lakes: A literature review. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2845: iv + 33 p.

Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman. 1973. Freshwater Fishes of Canada. Bulletin 184, Freshwater Research Board of Canada. Pages 310-317.

Wells, L. 1968. Seasonal depth distribution of fish in southern Lake Michigan. Fish. Bull. 67: l-15.

Van Oosten, J. 1937. The dispersal of rainbow smelt, Osmerus mordax (Mitchill), in the upper Great Lakes region. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 66: 160 171.

Related Content:

About smelt populations in Lake Superior:

By Jeff Gunderson
2008


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